Support Live Chat
Nov 8, 2017 in Book Report
A Summary of Air Raid-Pearl Harbor
The book Air Raid- Pearl Harbor is a story by Theodore Taylor regarding the surprise attack that was triggered by the Japanese Navy at the United States navy base in Pearl Harbor in the year 1941.The author of the book in his story has analyzed all the sides of the battle, that is, the attack from the Japanese and the retaliation from the USA. The analysis involves a detailed study on the events that lead to the surprise two-sided attack and the operations of the men and women who took the fight to the end. The purpose of this essay is to make a description of the three main characters and a closer look at the conflict that exist between man and man. The essay will also summarize the contents of the book including all the types of conflict that emerge.
The book begins by explaining the arrival of the Taiyo Maru, which is a Japanese ship into the Honolulu harbor on the 1st of November 1941. The author paints a picture of the structure of the ship that arrives at that port in the mind of the readers, “The Taiyo Maru looked weather beaten as if she sailed rough North pacific seas. Steaks of rust made ugly blotches on her hull. Most ships from Nippon came in spotless. They glistened. So immediately people on the shore knew there was something strange about her” (Taylor, 2001).
Coincidently, the warm welcome that is normally given to the passenger ship whenever it is docked was not there as evidenced by the calm nature of the greeters and the absence of the Hula girls. The introduction also depicts of the healthy trade relations that existed between Hawaii and the Japans as evidenced by the Japanese who had migrated to the islands and comfortably settled there like true loyal Americans (Taylor 2001). This being the final visit, the Americans had an urge that the Japanese would employ spies in their territory.
The ship was therefore investigated by the FBI and the immigration officers. All the documents belonging to the immigrants were carefully analyzed and examined. On board were four officers of the Imperial Japanese Navy who had camouflaged themselves as waiters. Two of the officers were submarine experts while the rest were experts in both the air operations and the surface ship operations. Their motive as identified by the Japanese Navy was to “watch for ships and aircrafts on the northern route of Honolulu”. The reported their observation to the authority concerned. This was then the rise of the actions that led to the attack (Taylor, 2001).
The three main characters in this book are Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, Admiral Husband Kimmel and Commander Minoru Genda. Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto was the man in charge of training and guiding the imperial Japanese navy. He was the commander in chief of the combined fleet. Admiral bore the idea of the surprise attack on the Pearl Harbor and was in control of the surprise attack. This was reached after a concession with Naval Headquarters where a threat to resign his post arose in the process. The other key figure in the book was Admiral Husband Kimmel who was the man in charge of the United States Pacific Fleet. He was the navy’s commander in chief. He was also ranked highest in the navy in Hawaii during the period of the attack. Commander Minoru Genda was given the responsibility of detailing the plans that would guide the Japanese air strike and executing them.
Japan, in an effort to expand its territory was fighting China at the time of planning. The move to neutralize the Navy Pacific Fleet of the U.S that camped at the Pearl Harbor was planned by the Japanese earlier after having sent a spy to watch over the northern route. This saw a lot of training of the pilots, adaption of the equipment and final collection of the intelligence on the preparedness of the United States navy. The Pearl Harbor was attacked by about 353 fighters from Japanese territory that comprised of fighters and bomber planes (Taylor, 2001). The attack comprised of a task force consisting of six aircraft meant to bomb the Harbor in shifts. The plan of action from the Japanese was to have three possible attacks.
The fist attack was meant to destroy the major capital ships that operated in the shallow waters. The target was the battle ships and the aircraft carriers which were considered to be high value targets. This was to be followed by a fleet of submarines designed to attack the torpedoes. The Japanese had earlier stipulated the peace negotiations with the United States were over and ordered an attack thirty minutes after the notification was delivered to the United States. However the delivering of the message form the Japanese Embassy took longer than expected but the Americans had decoded the message and predicted the end of peace negotiations. There was a series of debate in the Japanese government whether to notify Washington, which hosted the capital of US about the end of the negotiations and the declaration of war. A war diary later discovered depicted that the Japanese army was not ready to give a prior notice of the war or termination of negotiations (Taylor, 2001).
The climax was marked by the entry of the planes that dropped bombs on the aircraft carriers and the battleships. This saw a lot of US aircrafts shot down. The dive bombers, during the surprise attack, managed to destroy the U.S air bases. The surprise attack was evidenced by the rate of unpreparedness that was seen in the US navy force. They were awoken in the early Sunday morning by sounds of alarms and the gunfire and exploding bombs. The second wave consisted of three separate groups that had three different tasks to accomplish. These include attacking the hangars and cruisers and the Pearl Harbor (Taylor, 2001).
A third strike by the Japanese was however discarded by the commander of the force on grounds that the American anti-craft force had already planned and prepared themselves therefore it would be deadly and suicidal to commission a third attack. This was received from the other officials with great resistance and perceived as a great mistake. The other reasons that the author defines as the cause for declining a third strike from the Japanese are deterioration of the weather, risk of running low on fuel by the task force and opted to head back home, uncertainty of the US survived planes and Nagumo believed that the second attack had served the objectives and purposes of the attack (Taylor, 2001).
That marked the declaration of the war by the U.S on the empire of Japan, Germany and Italy who had earlier joined forces to limit the threat the U.S posed on either of them. The Britain also had declared war on the Japanese as a retaliatory move when Japan attacked Singapore and Malaya and to join hands with the US. The author recollects the statement made by Winston Churchill the Prime Minister for Britain that during the war he did not receive any direct shock. The full horror sunk up on him at the time when he twisted the bed. In the Pacific Ocean there was no ship for both American and British except for American survivors hastening back to California. Everywhere was naked and weak since Japan was powerful (Taylor, 2001). The aftermath of the attack was marked by around 110000 Japanese Americans including those originally American citizens being detained from their homes to the internment camp where they were asked to pledge their allegiance to the US and fight for it or face imprisonment.
Throughout the story, four conflicts emerge between man, society, nature and himself. First there is a conflict that develops between man and man that has seen nations rise against each other. Throughout the book, a number of nations have been mentioned as engaging in war between themselves. For instance, the author states that England and France had declared war against Germany ad Italy. Similarly, Germany had attacked Russia in June 1940. Japan in an effort to expand its territories had also declared war on China. Conflict also developed between the Japanese and the Americans since the Japanese viewed the Americans as a threat to attaining their goals of attacking the Europe. This conflict between man and man resulted into dire consequences that include losing human life in the battle (Taylor, 2001).
A conflict also develops between man and society. After the war that ranged between Japanese and United States, the U.S deprives the Japanese Americans their citizenship and rights. The conflict that develops between men versus him-self is depicted in the story. Nagumo was urged by some of the junior officers to implement or call for a third strike in order to completely destroy what was left of Peal Harbor storage. Nagumo was therefore faced with a challenge whether to withdraw the strike or carry on with it, but later chose o go with the former. Another instance is that of Yamamoto when he is faced with the decision to accept the responsibility of planning and executing the attack or resign from his post. The conflict between man and nature is depicted where Japan wanted to expand its territories in the South East Asia and so begins wars with china (Taylor, 2001).
The attack on the Pearl Harbor by the Japanese without formal declaration of the war had come as a shock to all the citizens of the United States. As Theodore has outlined in the book, the war was caused by development of conflict among the different societies that existed, the need to have power and control resources is what lead to the World War II. He explains the dire need that engulfed the Japanese to control South East Asia. With the knowledge that the United States would interfere with their plans, the Japanese launched the surprise attack. The author has also explained how the planning took place including sending of the four spies to investigate the northern route that hosted the U.S battle ships. The events that led to the distraction of the Pearl Harbor are outlined as they took place. This Japanese launched two attacks that comprised of both the air strike and the submarines. The attacks led to a lot of distraction of property belonging to the navy and the human life. The author recounts around 3000 American men that died amidst the Japanese men. The end of the attack is marked by the speech from President Roosevelt who formally calls for declaration of war on the Japanese empire.
- The Review of Night by Elie Wiesel
- Urban Anthropology Book Review
- Movie-Made America: Book Review
- What is Science
- Book Review of Energy Trading and Investing
Customer`s comment 25 days ago
Big thanks to your writing team for coming through for me with my last order. I didn’t give them a lot of notice, but they were able to come up with a superb paper for me. This is the kind of service that I love. Sometimes, I get forgetful, and I forget when my paper due dates are. It is so comforting to know that I can be in a rush and contact Essays-Writer.net and that you will deliver a great paper for me, no matter what. The fact that you include an anti-plagiarism report is great, too. I appreciate knowing that my work is totally original. Essays-Writer.net rocks!
Customer`s comment 28 days ago
Your writers are masters at time management. I turned in an order for four very difficult papers, and they were all written perfectly, even with the short deadline notice. Thanks, Essays-Writer.net!
Customer`s comment 25 days ago
Your writing company delivers for me every time. I have never been disappointed.
Customer`s comment 25 days ago
I was happy with the two essays that your writers did for me. Even though the subject matter was quite dense, they managed to come up with high quality work. This has been my experience with Essays-Writer.net, over the long haul. Each and every time I have needed a high quality paper, you have come through with outstanding writing examples for me. I am pleased to recommend your writing service to my friends and colleagues.
Customer`s comment 5 days ago
The work I received from your writers was much better than expected, especially considering the affordability of your services! This is so impressive! I wasn’t aware, previously, that companies like Essays-Writer.net even existed, but then again, I’m pretty sure you are the only one that is this good. I have heard a lot of bad things about other writing companies, but never a negative word about Essays-Writer.net. You are reputed as being the best, and I, for one, am convinced that this is true.Thank you for the outstanding job you did on my essay and research papers.
Customer`s comment 12 days ago
Thank you for the great paper! My professor gave me a high mark for it.
Customer`s comment 18 days ago
As always, your writers have completed another impressive paper. This time, the subject matter required a lot of research. They not only completed the research. They also documented it absolutely perfectly. It would have taken me months to write a paper this thorough and of this high quality. Thank you so much for your diligence. It was greatly appreciated.
Customer`s comment 23 days ago
I find your writing service to be staffed with serious professionals who understand the urgency of turning out great writing for your customers. I have ordered papers from you for a year and a half now, and each time, I have been given superb papers that were error free and interesting to read. I truly appreciate your efforts, and hope to continue to do business with you from this point forward. You deserve my loyalty, because you are certainly loyal to your customers! Wishing you all the best.
Customer`s comment 2 days ago
Once again, I have sat down at my computer, because I feel I owe you big thanks. There is just no way to express how grateful I am for everything you did to make my research paper as good as it was. My professor gave me an A+ on it, which is the first A+ I have received during my entire college career.
Customer`s comment 23 days ago
Now I know where to go when I need an excellent paper written on a short notice. I am very happy with the paper your writers just produced for me. It was absolutely perfect. Please thank the ones who handled my order and let them know that I will definitely do business with Essays-Writer.net again.
Customer`s comment 16 days ago
Dear Writers #0019, Thank you for taking such a good care of me. I apologize for being as picky as I was, but I was only reflecting the professor’s requirements. I couldn’t believe my eyes when I got my grades back. He gave me an A+ on the paper, which is almost unheard. The paper you produced for me included each and every thing that the professor had required. He is notorious for giving us next-to-impossible tasks to perform in his class, but you managed to pull it off. I don’t know if any other student has received an A+ in this guy’s class, but he simply could not find a single thing wrong with my paper! Yay! Thanks so much.
Customer`s comment 18 days ago
My professor told me that the essay you wrote for me was the best one in the whole class! Thanks for doing such a good job. Compliments from this professor are rare!
Customer`s comment 9 days ago
Dear Essays-Writer.net, You handled my rush order beautifully. I am still amazed by the quality of the term paper, because your writers didn’t have a whole lot of time to write it. Still, they did a great job and I’m happy that I chose Essays-Writer.net. Thank you for taking care of this in such an eloquent way.
Customer`s comment 27 days ago
Dear Madam or Sir, Thank you for your competence and high standards. My paper was wonderful! I shall recommend your writing services highly. You are far and above better than other writing services that I have used. Your professionalism, attention to detail, high quality writing and great prices are a few of the reasons why I will never use any other writing service. Thanks again.
Customer`s comment 3 days ago
I am getting ready to graduate in another week, but had to take a minute to jot this line because I want you to know what a help your writing service has been to me, especially during my junior and senior years. The work has been hard, and I have had to study virtually all the time. With you helping me out with my more challenging writing projects, I have been able to move forward and do well on my tests and other school projects. I will be forever grateful to you for your help, and I wish you continued success with your fantastic writing service. All the best!