Sociological perspectives such as structural functionalism, conflict theory, and interactionism have been applied to the war on terrorism (Mooney et al., 2012).
Structural Functionalist Perspective
Focuses on the functions that suggest that war should not exist unless its impact can be characterized as positive force. War against terrorism has been consolidated among small autonomous groups into larger political states. It also produces unity as well as cohesion among societal members by giving them a “common cause” and “a common enemy”. For instance, in America, societies have been consolidated for a common cause to fight against terrorism like the show of patriotism to their country (Mooney et al., 2012).
Symbolic Interactionism Perspective
Focuses on how meaning and various definitions are interrelated with the attitudes and behaviors concerning war and its conflicts. Consequently, it embraces the development of opinions and attitudes that uphold war on terrorism. This social perspective explains how military as well as civilians develop a mind set for war on terrorism by defining terrorism and its consequences (Mooney et al., 2012).
Many governments and military officials convince the public that the only way to ensure peace is to be prepared for the war on terrorism. For instance, in the American society, patriotism is the popular sentiment which the citizens should be prepared to have during times of war against terrorism. Governments use propaganda as well as appeals to patriotism so as to generate support for war efforts and motivate individuals to join armed forces in order to boost the war on terrorism (Mooney et al., 2012).
Conflict Theory Perspective
Stresses that the society is composed of groups competing with each other for scarce resources. For instance, terrorism competes with the society for such resources as well as has a negative impact on it. As a result, governments consolidate their military forces to fight against terrorism in order to protect and maintain control over the natural resources of a nation or society (Leming, 1989).
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