Population Dynamics in a Developing Country
North Korea is a nation situated in the north of the Korean Peninsula in the east of Asia. Pyongyang, is its capital city. This is the largest city in the country in terms of land area and population. Population dynamics entail the way people are influenced by death and birth rates, emigration and immigration and population declines (Armstrong, 2006).
The percent change in population results from either surplus or deficit of births over the deaths as well as the migrants leaving or entering a country. This rate could either be negative or positive. Growth rate is a determining factor of how huge a burden could be on a country in attempting to meet the needs of its citizens for infrastructure, resources and jobs (Armstrong, 2006). The rapid population growth of North Korea is deemed as threatening by its neighboring nations.
According to the world bank report, the crude birth rate of North Korea per 1000 individuals 14.28. Crude birth rate refers to the number of live births per 1000 individuals in a year. The birth rates of North Korea are estimated at midyear. By subtracting the crude death rates from the crude birth rates you get the natural increase rate. In the absence of migration, this rate is equal to the rate of population change (Stillwell & Clarke, 2011).
Not much is known about the migration patterns of North Korea. However, in the past 15 years, using two types of migration (internal and migration in china), it is possible to identify as well as estimate the patterns.
As indicated by the the 1993 and 2008 census, there were no records of international migration. Both censuses indicated that the number of people entering or leaving the country were neglected (DPRK Central Bureau of Statistics, 2009). The data indicated that around 234,817 of the total population of 23,349,859 migrated internally in a span of five years.
Most Koreans migrated to china due to the economic hardship of their country (DPRK Central Bureau of Statistics, 2009). The estimation of the number of individuals who migrated has proved to be difficult as well as politically sensitive making it hard to count the number of North Koreans in China.
The total fertility rate of North Korea is estimated to be 2.01. This is the total number of children born per woman given that the women lived through their childbearing years and bore children as per the accepted fertility rate at each given age (Stillwell & Clarke, 2011). The total fertility rate of North Korea is an indicator of the probable population change. This is because the total fertility rate directly measures the level of fertility as it indicates the total births per woman.
The country’s death rate is estimated to be 9.12 deaths per 1000 people. The death rate is an indication of the total number of deaths in a year. It is also known as crude death rate. Besides, the death rate indicating the mortality situation of North Korea, it is also an indicator of the impacts of mortality on the population growth. The death rate of North Korea is largely influenced by age distribution. The country indicates increased death rates despite at the reduced mortality all age groups.
The Infant mortality rate is an indication of the total number of deaths of children before their first birthday per 1000 live births in a year. In North Korea, the total Infant mortality rate stands at 26.21 deaths per 1000 live births (Stillwell & Clarke, 2011). The Infant mortality rate of the male is 29.05 deaths per 1000 live births while that of females is 23.24 deaths per 1000 live births. North Korea uses the entry to determine the level of health in the country.
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