Nov 8, 2017 in Literature

The Struggle between Men and Women as Demonstrated in Classical Mythology

Introduction

The classical mythology is also called the classical theory of literature. It is indeed a very wonderful and complicated mode of comparatively understanding the different cultures in the world. This is due to the nature in which it contradicts and contrasts the ideas and practices portrayed by different cultures and religions of the world (Grene & Lattimore, 1965). This contradiction and contraction is even very rife in the way which the society treats the role and supremacy qualities between men and women in a global arena. In other words, different societies and cultures treat men and women very differently. Some communities consider the men to be superior as compared to the women while other communities exactly practice the reverse of this.

Cultures against Women

Most African societies consider women as objects simply used to propagate life. The African culture perceives men as very superior as compared to the women. The men actually assume most authoritative roles like administration among others where the women are not allowed to practice any of these (Grene & Lattimore, 1965). The males are viewed as the main providers in the family while opposite gender’s representatives are viewed as vessels of home chores. They are instruments used in the procreation of children, but have no significant bearing in the society. This is even rife in the way the girls are treated in the society. Those are denied the right to education at the cost of the boys. You will certainly find a parent simply taking a boy to a very expensive school yet the girl child may have performed in a better way as compared to this junior king as they are usually being referred to in the African setting.

This sexual discrimination is very common even in most of other settings in the world. It does not occur only in Africa. An example is in India, where the practice is even worse against the women. Indians believe the women are the main workaholics in the homestead where they are expected to build the houses where they live with their families and at the same provide for the family. In short, the man is simply to lead the house with no proper role to play in the daily running of the family. Amazingly, this is the only culture where the women are bestowed with the responsibility of taking dowry to the parents of the man. Is this not demeaning to the men in this age of great battle to supremacy among the sexes? Imagine the women also face such hurdles in other communities with opposing beliefs. Therefore, the whole world is under the great controversy between the two genders. This is very important issue that really needs urgent discussion in most informal settings.

Cultures against Men

History has it records that these were indeed the most powerful and organized women in the world. They lived in very isolated areas where they excluded the men and exercised control over those. However, some people think and believe that these were fable stories told to the girls in the current societies to comfort and give them strength to carry on no matter the situation may look like to them.

These Amazonas lived in the city of Themiscyra which is off the river of Thermodon in Asia Minor. This was a race of mighty warrior women. This society was selectively governed and ruled by women in a very exclusive way. This is a very paradoxical myth to the contemporary society that is dominated by most men in all their endeavors. Men were not allowed to be part of this society, but only on the occasions of mating or for slavery only. Indeed Homer describes them in the Iliad as “Women who went to war just like men” (Homer, 1954). He also calls them as the killers of men. This shows how fierce these women were in their immediate society. They lived like the soldiers and had only one purpose in life – that was to make war, especially with the men.

The girls were taught warfare right from their childhood where the bow and arrow became their daily weapons. They had wonderful horse tamers and riders ever imagined in the history of mankind. They practiced the habit of removing the right breast of the girls while still at a very tender age. This was done to avoid the bad omen this breast could inflict on the girl when drawing or returning her sword into the pouch. It was done through the smoldering the right breast with a hot bronze iron. This also showed the prowess in the girl as she was expected to be a soldier to the rest of the community. It, therefore, prevented the evil from getting into the way of the girl while in the battle field (Homer, 1954). This practice links them to their Greek name of the tribe Amazon which implies breast less, full breasted or in other words not touching men. However, the amazons have been depicted in most sculptures and images as being very full breasted and this is a paradox still to be diagnosed (ANET, 1987).

The women of Amazon were much more linked to the war fare in their territory as opposed to the other feminism roles of women practiced in the world today. The tribe’s members were not allowed to get married as this could greatly jeopardize their role in the cases of the war in the entire society. This was also considered as slavery to man who they really took with great zeal, since the men were the people expected to their slaves.

In order to continue with their lineage, they would then decide to mate with the men from the neighboring communities or the handsome prisoners within their territories. Once they had their desires, the prisoners would then be used as slaves or most commonly killed. Thus, it shows how these women were very heartless and ruthless to the men. A male offspring would face the equal measure of mistreatment as that received by the father. They would be killed or sent away as a sign of excommunication from the community. At times he could be allowed to grow up and be used for sexual favors or simply became the seed of development of the community. On the contrary, a girl received very well nourishment with an aim to become a warrior for the ultimate goal. As much as she was groomed into becoming a warrior, she still maintained the traits of being a very good and beautiful woman.

However, the current world imagination depicts these Amazons as women, with very short canvas or leather cloths that cover only a limited part of their body. This is in contradiction to the ancient women who used to dress in very long dresses that covered all their body down to their feet (Homer, 1980).

Unifying Factor on the Existence of God

The issues underlying the idea of the battle for the supremacy between the women and men are complex. It, therefore, drives to the question that inquires whether God really exists or not, based on the same classical myth theory. The word God has been in existence since time immemorial. Indeed this must be the oldest if not the first word to be used and constructed by man. Some societies may use the God; others may use the god or gods. All this depends on the particular belief in any setting. Several philosophers have written much literature about the existence of God. This could either be in agreement or in disagreement with the same word. Such people include personalities like Aquinas, Anslem and Pascal. All these persons dwell a lot on this noble topic.

There were several attempts to prove the existence of God by the religious groups and some philosophers. The arguments have been from all sectors of the religious field, including the issues by Muslims and other major religious groups in the world. Plato and Aristotle have greatly influenced the world process of religious inclinations. There has been an alarming rise in the number of scientists relating to the philosophy of religion and that of theology. These proofs are also called the theistic ones. They have been refined and revived in a very presentable form. Some have been in defense repeatedly. The success of these arguments still remains very controversial in one way or the other. They are grouped into six major categories depending on the type and inclination of the approach.

There are indeed several arguments for the same issue in terms of locality and generality. These are the Pascal’s Wager, Teleological, Ontological, Cosmological, Moral and the argument from religious experience.

Pascal’s Wager rests the argument on the self-interest than the theoretical evidence of the existence of God. It is rational for everyone to believe in God, since it is of our own personal interest to depend on God for our own good and total existence. These are in support to the consequences of belief and disbelief in the same field. If a person believes in God, then he will inherit the kingdom of God and, therefore, god exists. However, the other side of the coin means that an individual will not receive God’s infinite reward should he or she decline to receive the reward in there (Pritchard, 1987).

The ontological argument reveals the existence of God through things that are very abstract. These ones are not real at all. It considers God as a perfect being. This means that God exists. Indeed a God is greater than a god that does not exist at all. When one speaks of the personification of faith as a perfect being, then he implies that the God surely exists. To say that He does not exist really makes our statement very contradictory.

The cosmological Argument says from the natures’ point of view. It is pegged on the existence of the world and the universe as a whole. It states that the being that brought the cosmos and all that is in it exists because it has to maintain the existence of the world and the universe. It comes in two different categories. First is the modal that deals with possibilities and probabilities, and the other of temporal that deals with time and space. Since the universe must have not existed at some time in history, there has to some explanation to this theory in life. This is called the argument from contingency. The main cause of the universe must be god and, therefore, god exists (The Holy Bible King James Version).

The past of humans is considered finite. There must be a point when the world began to exist. This is referred to as the Kalam Cosmological argument. The infinite argument of the past universe in both philosophy and science is indeed very controversial. The universe and all its contents must have begun at some specific point in time. This means that the beginning must have a cause and this must be God. It, therefore, confirms the doctrine of creation in Christianity.

The teleological argument rests on the order in which the universe was created to the existence of the being that created it in that this being had some specific purpose for the same. The universe being a very complex system has a very astounding scale. It has some perplexing natural laws that govern its existence. It is an orderly system that serves a purpose. It provides the conditions, needed for the development and nurturing of life. Since God created life, then He must also be in existence to this very life that He created.

The moral argument is based on the existence of the natural course of morality in the society. There are two forms of morals discussed in this area. These are the formal and the perfectionist. The formal argument believes that morality has a divine origin. Since it has some sets of authoritative commands, then these ones must have come from the Supreme Being God. The perfectionist form simply sets a problem to the society. He cannot require from the individuals that which is too much for them to give or provide (Swinburne, 1997).

Conclusion

In a nut shell, as much as the world seems to be inclined towards the theme on male chauvinism, some communities, particularly the early regimes, had a different approach to the whole issue. The major culture that looks very committed to the giving of excessive powers to women is the Greek one. It is especially in one of the ethnic groups in the Amazon forest. It has even made the forest named the most famous, due to the complexity in their system of governance and culture. The tribe is known to have produced very powerful and rebellious women to ever been produced in the entire world (Swinburne, 1997).

Related essays