Support Live Chat
Nov 8, 2017 in Informative
Massacre at Mystic
Massacre at Mystic is one of the most important events in the American History. It had set a new pattern in European/Native American relations in New England. After May 26, 1637 the colonists and native people would never became friends again. This day initiated the beginning of constant feud between them.
Massacre at Mystic: New England, May 26, 1637
But at the beginning everything was totally different. English came to a new land to start new life in there as well as to establish some new colonies. They were not ready to share this land with anybody. In fact they regarded a supposition of any other inhabitants there as unthinkable. The Indians were the total surprise for Europeans. The more surprising was their way of life in the eyes of the colonists, who were mainly English. They couldn’t understand that native perception of the world was fundamentally different than theirs. They had different views of spirituality, nature, appearance, property, and division of labor, principles of warfare, and the social relationships. The English were puritans so God was their power and anyone who sought power through access to the spiritual world were communing with the devil. From that point of view English couldn’t accept also the appearance of native people. Though all of them were interested in Indian wampums, they were indignant at the Indians lack of dress. Puritans as they were, they were shocked by the relationships between men and women. Surprisingly for them women were treated as equals, they were able to speak and to earn money English were horrified comparing men’s and women’s part in getting food. They couldn’t imagine how ruthless Indian men must be to make their women work so hard. These two cultures were so differently organized that it had to cause some conflicts.
The Puritans and the Pequot
So it did. As the puritans and natives grew increasingly distrustful of each other, the former set up local militias to defend them against the latter. These militias were commanded by Captain John Underhill who thought that the best form of defense is certainly offence. His first step was to defend English from all threats the first of which were the Pequot. The Pequot war was the result of many conflicts between the colonists and the Indians. These were disputes over property, hunting and dishonest traders. Besides the English made natives pay “tributes” by holding their children as the hostages. In such a contingency one would expect some hostility between them.
This hostility became one of the specific conditions that provoked the massacre afterwards. The other reasons are well-known – religious bigotry and diseases. Unfortunately European colonists had little respect for cultural diversity and that they had a God given right to settle this New World. They believed that their way of believing is the only correct way and that the Indians simply haven't been taught the right way. Still English felt superior to all Indians even those who became Christian. The last reason – diseases – played an important role in the relationships between colonists and the natives as well. Both sides considered it to be providential. Whereas the colonists saw in this sigh of God, that this land belongs to them, the Indians considered diseases as the terrible sign of fate. After the epidemics the Pequot population decreased very much. That’s why their rival tribes – Naragansetts and Mohegans laid claim to become a leader instead of Pequots.
Still the first claimants to the land were the English colonists. Pequots were proclaimed an aggressor since they were the main obstacle to European expansion. Pequot’s power was the exact reason why the attack was planned to be a massacre: English intended to make an example of the Pequots. The soldiers were told to kill everybody and when they hesitated Captain Underhill said that according to the Bible women and children must perish with their menfolks. People were blinded with religious bigotry at that time so they obeyed. Too many children and women were killed because of strong European conviction that their interests were God’s interests. This bigotry created a whole new moral underpinning for conquest. The terror that took its place at Mystic was God’s holy terror and the weapon that took so many lives was God’s weapon. It was something like a holy crusade against non-Christians. No wonder then that by drawing the line between Christian and non-Christian Puritans were always justifying bloodshed in the name of God.
But on the other side there were the native tribes Naragansetts and Mohegans who took the field. These tribes wanted to grab the power. Mohegans wanted to take vengeance on Pequots for their past. Six years before the Mystic attack the Pequots became divided into pro-English and pro-Dutch factions. Each faction wanted its leader to become the grand sachem. But it was pro-Dutch faction leader who won this competition. After that pro-English part of Pequot tribe fled to form their own tribe, the Mohegan. Thus the Mohegan and the Pequots became enemies.
The Narragansett’s motivation is worth mentioning either. They saw clearly that if they won the war they would become the strongest tribe in North America. Still they had not any idea what they’re getting into. Traditional native warfare was very different from the one in the Pequot war. The purpose of Indian wars was not to kill their enemies but to capture them. They could swelled the size of the tribe and become more powerful that way. A few warriors would be killed, but women and children were by all means protected as a prize. That’s why prior to the attack on the Pequot’s, the leader of the Narragansett forces had told English that he would like for them to spare the women and children as Indian people usually did for their warfare. The English obviously agreed to this thing for they wouldn't have got the participation of the Narragansett’s and Mohegan’s. They just deceived the tribes by not telling them about their true intentions. Even during the massacre they didn’t let their allying tribes to be inside the fort and finish the runaways. Naragansetts and Mohegan didn’t know that they were wiping out the whole tribe as old as proud as Europeans.
After the Mystic Massacre relationship between Europeans and Indians had changed forever. This day marks the beginning of the English promotion of the mass slaughter of Native Americans to clear them from the land. Since that day they would never be allies anymore. Overnight the balance of power had shifted from the natives to the English colonies. English finally got rid of the last obstacle to their further expansion and natives had no idea what the Mystic Massacre was about. Indians didn’t have an idea of property and seizing territory, so they were just shocked by a sudden colonist’s savagery, guessing what could possibly motivate their attackers. The destruction of Pequots made a deep impression on the other tribes. It sent a message to all the natives that life would never be the same again. Mystic Massacre was the first time English people engaged in a wholesale slaughter. That had the most profound impact on the development of America. From that day on Europeans realized that the continent was theirs for the taking.
The Tragedy of Two Different Cultures
This story illustrates the coexisting of two different cultures. It could be very productive if both of them could learn something new from each other. As said Tall Oak, Absentee Mashantucket Pequot and Wampanoag: “The first encounter between Europeans and Indians was positive, because our people followed way of life that was based on sharing”. Europeans could have been taught some principles of natural society; they could change their attitude towards women, for example. But they believed that they were the Indians who haven't been taught the right way. The Europeans didn’t want to share they wanted to come and to take everything they wanted. And if they didn’t understand something they believed that that is wrong. Unfortunately they showed a mean spirit: being dishonest traders, soldiers and insatiable colonists. They judged people as much by what they believed as by how they looked and that was their mistake. The religious aspect of colonization in New England remains difficult for many Europeans to understand. It can be understood only in terms of religious wars in early modern Europe. For Europeans goal was the purification of the Christian Church they got the nickname Puritans. It’s worth admitting then that religious bigotry and sacred violence could never be the right guideline for making good choices towards the others.
- Preventing Prison Riots
- Moby Dick: Argument on Whaling
- Polyvinyl Chloride
- Islam and Judaism
- Innovation Ecology
Customer`s comment 21 days ago
Big thanks to your writing team for coming through for me with my last order. I didn’t give them a lot of notice, but they were able to come up with a superb paper for me. This is the kind of service that I love. Sometimes, I get forgetful, and I forget when my paper due dates are. It is so comforting to know that I can be in a rush and contact Essays-Writer.net and that you will deliver a great paper for me, no matter what. The fact that you include an anti-plagiarism report is great, too. I appreciate knowing that my work is totally original. Essays-Writer.net rocks!
Customer`s comment 16 days ago
Your writers are masters at time management. I turned in an order for four very difficult papers, and they were all written perfectly, even with the short deadline notice. Thanks, Essays-Writer.net!
Customer`s comment 7 days ago
Your writing company delivers for me every time. I have never been disappointed.
Customer`s comment 23 days ago
I was happy with the two essays that your writers did for me. Even though the subject matter was quite dense, they managed to come up with high quality work. This has been my experience with Essays-Writer.net, over the long haul. Each and every time I have needed a high quality paper, you have come through with outstanding writing examples for me. I am pleased to recommend your writing service to my friends and colleagues.
Customer`s comment 3 days ago
The work I received from your writers was much better than expected, especially considering the affordability of your services! This is so impressive! I wasn’t aware, previously, that companies like Essays-Writer.net even existed, but then again, I’m pretty sure you are the only one that is this good. I have heard a lot of bad things about other writing companies, but never a negative word about Essays-Writer.net. You are reputed as being the best, and I, for one, am convinced that this is true.Thank you for the outstanding job you did on my essay and research papers.
Customer`s comment 23 days ago
Thank you for the great paper! My professor gave me a high mark for it.
Customer`s comment 5 days ago
As always, your writers have completed another impressive paper. This time, the subject matter required a lot of research. They not only completed the research. They also documented it absolutely perfectly. It would have taken me months to write a paper this thorough and of this high quality. Thank you so much for your diligence. It was greatly appreciated.
Customer`s comment 2 days ago
I find your writing service to be staffed with serious professionals who understand the urgency of turning out great writing for your customers. I have ordered papers from you for a year and a half now, and each time, I have been given superb papers that were error free and interesting to read. I truly appreciate your efforts, and hope to continue to do business with you from this point forward. You deserve my loyalty, because you are certainly loyal to your customers! Wishing you all the best.
Customer`s comment 20 days ago
Once again, I have sat down at my computer, because I feel I owe you big thanks. There is just no way to express how grateful I am for everything you did to make my research paper as good as it was. My professor gave me an A+ on it, which is the first A+ I have received during my entire college career.
Customer`s comment 1 days ago
Now I know where to go when I need an excellent paper written on a short notice. I am very happy with the paper your writers just produced for me. It was absolutely perfect. Please thank the ones who handled my order and let them know that I will definitely do business with Essays-Writer.net again.
Customer`s comment 6 days ago
Dear Writers #0019, Thank you for taking such a good care of me. I apologize for being as picky as I was, but I was only reflecting the professor’s requirements. I couldn’t believe my eyes when I got my grades back. He gave me an A+ on the paper, which is almost unheard. The paper you produced for me included each and every thing that the professor had required. He is notorious for giving us next-to-impossible tasks to perform in his class, but you managed to pull it off. I don’t know if any other student has received an A+ in this guy’s class, but he simply could not find a single thing wrong with my paper! Yay! Thanks so much.
Customer`s comment 18 days ago
My professor told me that the essay you wrote for me was the best one in the whole class! Thanks for doing such a good job. Compliments from this professor are rare!
Customer`s comment 30 days ago
Dear Essays-Writer.net, You handled my rush order beautifully. I am still amazed by the quality of the term paper, because your writers didn’t have a whole lot of time to write it. Still, they did a great job and I’m happy that I chose Essays-Writer.net. Thank you for taking care of this in such an eloquent way.
Customer`s comment 20 days ago
Dear Madam or Sir, Thank you for your competence and high standards. My paper was wonderful! I shall recommend your writing services highly. You are far and above better than other writing services that I have used. Your professionalism, attention to detail, high quality writing and great prices are a few of the reasons why I will never use any other writing service. Thanks again.
Customer`s comment 14 days ago
I am getting ready to graduate in another week, but had to take a minute to jot this line because I want you to know what a help your writing service has been to me, especially during my junior and senior years. The work has been hard, and I have had to study virtually all the time. With you helping me out with my more challenging writing projects, I have been able to move forward and do well on my tests and other school projects. I will be forever grateful to you for your help, and I wish you continued success with your fantastic writing service. All the best!