Support Live Chat
Nov 8, 2017 in Informative
Islam and Judaism
Islam religion is based on many different beliefs in the afterlife and fasting. The Islam religion is similar to Judaism in many ways. Jews and Muslims both believe in the afterlife and uphold fasting as an act of getting closer to God. Judaism and Islam share many principals, guidelines, and values. This is because the two religions share a common origin, which is the Middle East. However, there are many differences between the two religions in relation to their beliefs in the afterlife and fasting. Each religion has its fundamental laws and requirements regarding the fast and afterlife believes and expectations. The Judaism and Islamic religious laws are based on their traditions and cultures.
Islam and Judaism are known as the Abrahamic religions. This is simply because these religions trace their history and beliefs to the Abrahamic covenant with God. Both religions believe in God as the king and redeemer. However, there are many other differences between these religions. This paper seeks to compare and contrast the fasting practices and the afterlife beliefs of the two religions. It also seeks to carry out a study from a survey or interviews to establish the same.
Comparison of the Fasting Practices
Fasting is a practice or an act that entails abstaining from food and drinks for a particular period of time. Fasting is a very important part of the Hindu religion. The fasts are based on local customs and personal beliefs. The customs and beliefs include fasting on particular days of the months. For example, there are such fasts as Purnima, Pradosha and Ekadasi, fasting during certain days of the week depending on a favorite deity or on a personal belief, religious festival fasting, Tuesday fasting and Thursday fasting. Islam religion strictly follows fasting according to the customs. This is because fasting is a way of expressing deep sorrow or pain, a way of atoning for many different misdeeds, an attempt to stir spiritual feelings, a way to appeal to their moral sense, and a way of bringing different parties or quarreling parties together (Lewis, 1995).
There are many pillars in the Islam religion and fasting is the 5th pillar of the same. The most common fast is during the month of Ramadan among the Muslims. Fasting during this month is obligatory. The Muslim traditions during fasting prohibits drinking, eating and engaging in sexual activity. The Muslims are encouraged to put aside negative emotions such as addiction, anger, and temper. Ramadan is a very important part of the Islamic worship. The Muslims believe that by abstaining from food, drinks and bodily pleasures, they draw closer to God. The Muslims also believe that fasting during Ramadan shows their devotion to God and their sincere faith in God.
According to the Quran, which is the Muslims’ Holy book, fasting prevents sin, promotes humility and chastity; and thus, it is a shield to protect the Muslims against themselves. They believe that during the fasting period they also abstain from lustful thoughts, indecent speech, falsehood and many other evils. This simply means that the fasting helps to control many different impulses and thus, develop decent and good behavior. Muslims also believe that they must never fall short of performing any duty or tending to their commitments; thus, they strive to attain and apply virtuous characteristics. During the month of Ramadan, the Muslims exercise patients, control their anger, show mercy to other people, show generosity to others, and try to show compassion. In this way, they uphold good characters and moral habits.
According to Islam beliefs and traditions, fasting inculcates many different emotions such as solidarity and fraternity. The Muslims believe that these feelings allow them to experience and feel what their homeless brothers all over the world are experiencing and feeling. This tradition and belief teaches the Muslims self control and patience. Islamists can only be exempted from obligatory fasting if a person suffers from a serious illness, if a person is in transit and may miss certain days of the fast, during a woman’s menstrual period, if a woman has just given birth, if a woman is pregnant, if a woman is breast feeding, and if a person is mentally ill. The month of Ramadan is that in which the Quran was sent down as a guide for the people and as clear guidance to salvation. The one who witnesses this moth must fast it. But the one who is sick or in a journey, should fast a number of other days. God desires ease for you, not hardship. You must complete the number, and praise God for that to which he has guided you; perhaps you will be thankful” (The Quran, 2: 183 – 185).
On the other hand, Judaism observes fasting traditions by abstaining completely from food and liquids. This tradition is observed by the Jews for six days in a year. In the Judaism traditions fasting is not permitted during the Shabbat. The most important fasting day in the Jewish year is the Yom Kippur, which is considered as the holy day. Fasting on this day clearly shows that an individual has completely complied with and participated in a full religious service. The major fasts in Judaism are the Yom Kippur and Tisha B’Av. These fasts are observed for two days, while minor fasts are observed for a day.
Ashkenazic is a tradition that allows the bride and groom to fast during the wedding period or on the wedding day. Apart from official fasting days, the Jews have other communal and personal fasts. These fasts help the Jews to seek repentance and forgiveness during impending calamities or face of a tragedy. The Jews belief fasting is a way of driving away an impending tragedy from a bad dream. Fast can also be declared in drought periods in order to pray for rain and fertility from the ground (Chajes, 2011).
Jews fast in order to achieve atonement of sins as specified in the divine service. This does not mean that fasting is the primary way of achieving or obtaining atonement from their sins, but it is one of the ways to achieve and obtain atonement for their sins because it helps to precipitate contrition. The Jews believe that hardships and calamities according to the Hebrew bible are circumstances which may occur because of wrong doing. The other purpose of fasting according the Jews beliefs and traditions is commemorating mourning.
This type of fast demonstrates the morning for the loss of the Temple in Jerusalem. This helps the Jews to show appreciation for the temple which was destroyed. “Be glad about Jerusalem, and exult in her, all those who love her rejoice in her celebrations, all those who were mourners over her” (Isaiah 66: 10, Hebrews bible). This means that the mourning indicates the happiness over the return of the loss. The other reason why the Jews fast is in order to commemorate gratitude. The Jewish people abstain from food and drink in order to focus on spiritual aspects. This is a kind of dedication that shows God gratitude for providing salvation. It also shows their dependence on God.
Similarities of Fasting Practices between the Jews and the Muslims
In both religions fasting was and still is a practice that prepared the members to approach God. Fasting is, therefore, characterized by abiding by prescribe rules in order to reach a transcendent state. These rules may include abstaining from food, drinks or sexual activity. Fasting may also be used in religions to express political and social views. Both religions have regulations during the fasting periods and ceremonies (Johnson, 2003, p. 124).
Comparison of the Afterlife Beliefs
The afterlife is a very important and fundamental belief in Judaism. The Jews believe that the creation of God is enough to testify the afterlife of the souls. The Jews believe that the soul of men is actually part of God’s essence. “And the Almighty formed man of dust, from the ground and he blew into his nostrils the soul of life” (Genesis 2: 7, Jewish Bible). The eternal soul or afterlife, according to the Jewish belief, is as real as the thumb. They believe that in the world to come people will experience reality eternally and find ultimate justice from another dimension.
The Jews believe that the afterlife is what a person experiences after death, because after death comes judgment. In this case, the next world is called the world of truth, because individuals have to face the truth about their lives before death. Heaven, according to the Jews, is a place after death where the soul will experience great pleasure and joy. This simply means that Judaism traditions do not perceive death as the end of human life but believe that there is an afterlife. However, the Judaism teachings on afterlife are very mild and thus leave a lot of room for speculation and personal opinions (Johnson, 2003).
Afterlife has also played very important part and role in Islam teachings and beliefs. For example, the Muslim terrorist believe that after a suicide mission, they will ascend to heaven. According to the Muslim faith, death is the end of the physical life and the righteous will see God’s visions after death, while the wicked will see hell’s visions after death. Muslims believe that the afterlife to heaven is jannat, while afterlife to hell is jahannam, and that each person will be responsible for the kind of judgment that they receive. The judgments, according to Muslims, will be based on the people’s deed and intentions before death. The Quran tells and speaks of terrible events that will take place as a sign of the end of the world, and that the bridge of Sarat is the place where the fire of hell will burn.
Paradise is, however, a peaceful and blissful place. The Quran describes it this way: “And God will guard them from evil of the day and will cast on them brightness and joy; and their reward for their patience shall be paradise and silk! Reclining therein upon coaches they shall neither see therein sun neither piercing cold. (20) When thou sees them, thou shall see pleasure and great estate. On them shall be garments of green embroidered satin and brocade; and they shall be adorned with bracelets of sliver; and their lord shall give them to drink pure drink! Verily this is a reward for you, and your efforts are thanked” (Surah 76: 11 – 22, Quran).
The Islamic faith provides graphic and very clear details of the afterlife. The Muslims view the afterlife as natural threshold to the next part of existence. This doctrine believes that after death, humans exist in spiritual form. This is one of the most important or fundamental beliefs that complete the Muslim faith. The rejection of this belief, according to the Muslim faith, renders all other beliefs useless. The other Islamic beliefs about the afterlife are that the end of the world will be preceded by the resurrection. They also believe that unbelievers and those who rejected the calls by the prophets will be punished in hell (Lewis, 1995, p.102).
Similarities of Afterlife Beliefs
Both Judaism and Islam religions believe that there is an afterlife. They also believe that the wrong doers will be judged according to their acts and those who do right will be judged according to their righteousness. Both religions believe that there is a heaven for the good and a hell for the wrong doers. However, both religions have different points of view on the same. In this case, their belief is based on good deeds, faith and practicing all the pillars of their religions. This simply means perpetuating the faith as taught by the scriptures and the prophets.
An interview was carried out by the Atlas foundation to examine the beliefs of Jews and Muslims in relation to the afterlife and fasting. This particular group represented members from both religions. The reason for conducting this interview was to promote acceptance and understanding among the members of the group. The findings from the interview showed that in Islam, fasting is not only obligatory but it also plays a very important part of the Muslim religion. However, the Muslims also have voluntary fasts, which help them to grow spiritually. The Muslims from this group also asserted that every Muslim fasts regardless of age or sex. The Muslim from the group also informed the others in the group that Ramadan takes place in the ninth month of the Muslims’ religious calendar and that it is the man fast in Islam (Grumet, 2010, p. 88).
The Muslims from the group tried to make the other people understand what the Muslim fast entails. They explained that the Muslims completely abstain from intimate intercourse, food and drinks. They also explained that once the fast is broken, the Muslims invite the poor to eat and dine with them. This simply means that Islam calls for every member who has missed the fast days to make up for them.
On the other hand, Judaism does not ask their members to make up for the missed fast days, according to some Jewish group members. According to the Jewish members from the group, Yom Kippur is the only fast that is allowed and ordained in the Jews Torah. It is one of the most commonly observed fasts in the Jewish religion. The fasting period, according to the Jews, is a period in which they return to God. This is also a day when all the Jews seek forgiveness, forgive and pause to reflect on their physical self and their spiritual self.
The other main fasting ceremony, according to the Jews from the group, is the Tisha B’Av, which started 2000 years ago when the holy temple was destroyed by the Romans. The Jews were then driven away and banished from their homes and land (Grumet, 2010). Therefore, this fast commemorates the dark and painful day when the temple was destroyed. The interview helped to bring Muslims and Jews understand and appreciate the beliefs on the afterlife and fasting from Islam and Judaism. This ensured that they understood and respected the beliefs and traditions of both religions.
The Islamic law is known as the Sharia, while the Judaism law is known as the Halakha. Both these religions believe that these laws are a form of worship. The laws guide and instruct Jews and Muslims on the afterlife and fasting. The beliefs and fasting practices are based on the teachings from the scriptures and prophets.
- Preventing Prison Riots
- Moby Dick: Argument on Whaling
- Polyvinyl Chloride
- Innovation Ecology
- Phoenix Movie Productions
Customer`s comment 17 days ago
Big thanks to your writing team for coming through for me with my last order. I didn’t give them a lot of notice, but they were able to come up with a superb paper for me. This is the kind of service that I love. Sometimes, I get forgetful, and I forget when my paper due dates are. It is so comforting to know that I can be in a rush and contact Essays-Writer.net and that you will deliver a great paper for me, no matter what. The fact that you include an anti-plagiarism report is great, too. I appreciate knowing that my work is totally original. Essays-Writer.net rocks!
Customer`s comment 23 days ago
Your writers are masters at time management. I turned in an order for four very difficult papers, and they were all written perfectly, even with the short deadline notice. Thanks, Essays-Writer.net!
Customer`s comment 16 days ago
Your writing company delivers for me every time. I have never been disappointed.
Customer`s comment 18 days ago
I was happy with the two essays that your writers did for me. Even though the subject matter was quite dense, they managed to come up with high quality work. This has been my experience with Essays-Writer.net, over the long haul. Each and every time I have needed a high quality paper, you have come through with outstanding writing examples for me. I am pleased to recommend your writing service to my friends and colleagues.
Customer`s comment 8 days ago
The work I received from your writers was much better than expected, especially considering the affordability of your services! This is so impressive! I wasn’t aware, previously, that companies like Essays-Writer.net even existed, but then again, I’m pretty sure you are the only one that is this good. I have heard a lot of bad things about other writing companies, but never a negative word about Essays-Writer.net. You are reputed as being the best, and I, for one, am convinced that this is true.Thank you for the outstanding job you did on my essay and research papers.
Customer`s comment 21 days ago
Thank you for the great paper! My professor gave me a high mark for it.
Customer`s comment 8 days ago
As always, your writers have completed another impressive paper. This time, the subject matter required a lot of research. They not only completed the research. They also documented it absolutely perfectly. It would have taken me months to write a paper this thorough and of this high quality. Thank you so much for your diligence. It was greatly appreciated.
Customer`s comment 17 days ago
I find your writing service to be staffed with serious professionals who understand the urgency of turning out great writing for your customers. I have ordered papers from you for a year and a half now, and each time, I have been given superb papers that were error free and interesting to read. I truly appreciate your efforts, and hope to continue to do business with you from this point forward. You deserve my loyalty, because you are certainly loyal to your customers! Wishing you all the best.
Customer`s comment 16 days ago
Once again, I have sat down at my computer, because I feel I owe you big thanks. There is just no way to express how grateful I am for everything you did to make my research paper as good as it was. My professor gave me an A+ on it, which is the first A+ I have received during my entire college career.
Customer`s comment 7 days ago
Now I know where to go when I need an excellent paper written on a short notice. I am very happy with the paper your writers just produced for me. It was absolutely perfect. Please thank the ones who handled my order and let them know that I will definitely do business with Essays-Writer.net again.
Customer`s comment 29 days ago
Dear Writers #0019, Thank you for taking such a good care of me. I apologize for being as picky as I was, but I was only reflecting the professor’s requirements. I couldn’t believe my eyes when I got my grades back. He gave me an A+ on the paper, which is almost unheard. The paper you produced for me included each and every thing that the professor had required. He is notorious for giving us next-to-impossible tasks to perform in his class, but you managed to pull it off. I don’t know if any other student has received an A+ in this guy’s class, but he simply could not find a single thing wrong with my paper! Yay! Thanks so much.
Customer`s comment 15 days ago
My professor told me that the essay you wrote for me was the best one in the whole class! Thanks for doing such a good job. Compliments from this professor are rare!
Customer`s comment 5 days ago
Dear Essays-Writer.net, You handled my rush order beautifully. I am still amazed by the quality of the term paper, because your writers didn’t have a whole lot of time to write it. Still, they did a great job and I’m happy that I chose Essays-Writer.net. Thank you for taking care of this in such an eloquent way.
Customer`s comment 20 days ago
Dear Madam or Sir, Thank you for your competence and high standards. My paper was wonderful! I shall recommend your writing services highly. You are far and above better than other writing services that I have used. Your professionalism, attention to detail, high quality writing and great prices are a few of the reasons why I will never use any other writing service. Thanks again.
Customer`s comment 19 days ago
I am getting ready to graduate in another week, but had to take a minute to jot this line because I want you to know what a help your writing service has been to me, especially during my junior and senior years. The work has been hard, and I have had to study virtually all the time. With you helping me out with my more challenging writing projects, I have been able to move forward and do well on my tests and other school projects. I will be forever grateful to you for your help, and I wish you continued success with your fantastic writing service. All the best!