Human Resource Management; A Study of Indian Railways
For this article, the factor associated with the human resource aspect of the Indian Railways is established and analyzed. The human resource management, within this company, is considered to be one of the most inclusive elements that needs to be recurrently evaluated in order to keep-up with the capabilities deemed useful within the entire work force.
Thus, the article provides clear analysis of the following human resource management techniques: firstly, HR planning which aims to maintain the probable movements of the human resource element within the organization in respect to such elements as turnovers, transfers, retirement as well as promotional capacities. Secondly, the article focuses on the recruitment and selection criterion of the human resource whose core goal is to choose the right person at the right time (Kasinath, 2011).
Thirdly, the article puts some light on the training of its entire workforce immediately after the selection is complete. It is stated that training helps to upgrade the distinctive and unique skills of workforce, their immediate levels of knowledge as well as attitudes and personality capacities as individual employees within the organization (Kasinath, 2011).
Fourth, the human resource management concerned with reward management of the system which is used by the company’s HR team to motivate employees’ desires. Human relation, as an integral part of the human resource management, is also applied in order to boost the morale of the employees.
A Study of Indian Railways
It should be noted that the company has embarked on giving first priority to human resource management since it is an effective way used for utilizing the resources in an effective and efficient manner. The company also understands that by keeping-up with the HR element it will result to the quality productivity of performance service.
In addition to this, the company is perceived to be interested in maintaining positive human resources given that service sector is one of the life-line of the entire Indian economy growth.
Methodology for Collecting Data
For this study, the methodology for collecting information about the numerous elements of human resource management was conducted through analyzing different secondary sources of data. The entire data collected for the study covered two periods: 1950-1951 and 2008-2009. It is stated that the statistical tools applied in the course of the study were used to attain the overall purpose of the study (Kasinath, 2011).
The purpose of the study is to determine the level of human resource management needed in analyzing the entire workforce of the Indian Railways (Kasinath, 2011).
The results of the study were as follows: first, the human resource costs within the Indian Railways were steady at Rs 39940 in the course of the period between 2008 and 2009 in comparison to Rs 113.80 in the course of 1950-1951(Kasinath, 2011). Notwithstanding, the cost of HR is perceived as having increased immensely in the course of the above periods to attain a 351 fold. The human resource within the company was classified into four vast groups in order to encourage individual goals maneuver with the overall goals of the company. Human resource planning in the company was aimed at evaluating the strength of human resource as well as minimizing costs associated with the human resource management (Kasinath, 2011).
The HR planning of the company was depicted in the manner for which the workforce was evaluated in respect to their strengths and capabilities. Recruitment and selection of the human resource within the company was conducted in accordance with the four groups so that the first and second group ( A and B groups) were recruited by UPSC while groups C and D were recruited by the 20 Railway Recruitment Boards (Kasinath, 2011).
Training and development was conducted by the Railway Staff College as well as the 6 Centralized Training Institutes were used to impact world-class knowledge to the entire workforce. The reward system was applied once in a while in order to restructure the pay of the employees for motivational purposes (Kasinath, 2011).
Quantitative manner in which human resource management has been conducted in this case has covered wider coverage of the human resource aspect. Thus, the purpose of the study should have covered only one of the HR aspects affecting the human resource management so that enough details are covered and explanations provided in order to effectively ascertain matters in question. Hence, the author should have focused on the single subject in order to come-up with extensive information about one of the human resource aspects.
The future results of the aforementioned proposal are likely to alter the maner in which the operations at the Indian Railway are to be conducted given that there is no circumspect structure put forth for the purpose of addressing one of the human resource management elements. It should be noted that current research allows for flexibility of the results in order to ascertain the fairer amount of information needed for widening the already narrowed down purpose of the study.
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